Paul and the Torah. Vancouver: University of British Columbia Press, 1990

It is totally inappropriate to regard Paul?s "conversion" as a transition from one religion to another. Paul?s congregations were not made up of Christian Jews: they were exclusively Gentile. He therefore focussed on God?s promises to Abraham concerning Gentiles which were fulfilled in the faithfulness of Jesus Christ. The inclusion of Gentiles in the elect people of God through their incorporation into Christ thus does not mean a displacement of Israel.