Beyond Innocence and Redemption: Confronting the Holocaust and Israeli Power; Creating a Moral Future for the Jewish People, San Francisco: Harper & Row, 1991

In this second part of his trilogy Ellis sensitively criticizes Holocaust theology. Discerning its three themes as suffering and empowerment, innocence and redemption, specialness and normalization he presents an alternative re-interpretation of both Holocaust and the coming into existence of the State of Israel. In the end he sees solidarity with the Palestinian people as Jewish theology's decisive test: in this ''lies the possibility of moving beyond innocence and redemption, beyond a false normalization, to the deepest impulses of the Jewish people.