Secrecy and Deceit: The Religion of the Crypto-Jews. Philadelphia and Jerusalem: Jewish Publication Society, 1996

The story of the Jews who remained in Spain and Portugal after the Expulsion of 1492 and the establishment of the Inquisition in 1480 has been told many times, from both ends-i.e., the fate of the Jews who resettled in North Africa and the Ottoman Empire and of those who stayed behind in Spain and Portugal as baptized and practicing Catholics. The Iberian case is somewhat different from other expulsions from England and France because of the large numbers who stayed behind.